Ephebopus Genus

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They typically reach a legspan of 10 to 15 centimeters (3.9 to 5.9 inches). Most of them inhabit burrows, although E. murinus goes through an adolescent stage living in trees. Similar to many other New World tarantulas, these spiders deploy urticating hairs for defense against potential predators. What makes them distinct is that, unlike other tarantulas, these hairs are located on the pedipalps instead of the abdomen. They remove these hairs by rubbing the palps against the chelicerae.

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Description

They typically reach a legspan of 10 to 15 centimeters (3.9 to 5.9 inches). Most of them inhabit burrows, although E. murinus goes through an adolescent stage living in trees. Similar to many other New World tarantulas, these spiders deploy urticating hairs for defense against potential predators. What makes them distinct is that, unlike other tarantulas, these hairs are located on the pedipalps instead of the abdomen. They remove these hairs by rubbing the palps against the chelicerae.

Diagnosis:
They can be distinguished from all other tarantulas by the urticating patch of type 5 urticating hairs on the pedipalp femora.

Species:
As of July 2022, this genus comprises five species found in Brazil, Suriname, Guyana, and French Guiana:

– Ephebopus cyanognathus West & Marshall, 2000 – French Guiana
– Ephebopus foliatus West, Marshall, Fukushima & Bertani, 2008 – Guyana
– Ephebopus murinus (Walckenaer, 1837) (type) – French Guiana, Suriname, Brazil
– Ephebopus rufescens West & Marshall, 2000 – French Guiana, Brazil
– Ephebopus uatuman Lucas, Silva & Bertani, 1992 – Brazil

Additional information

Ephebopus

Ephebopus cyanognathus, Ephebopus murinus, Ephebopus uatuman